Inside GNSS Media & Research

NOV-DEC 2018

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www.insidegnss.com N O V E M B E R / D E C E M B E R 2 0 1 8 InsideGNSS 35 In this scenario, the BLUEGNSS project had t he ambitious target of providing those elements and tools needed for supporting the approval process t hat shou ld lead Europea n States to harmonize and standardize PBN procedures. As illustrated in the following sections, the service of per- manent GNSS monitoring is one of the key ingredients that, combined with the other essential activities of procedure design-and-validation, safety analy- sis, and personnel training, permits us to sustain this evolutionary process involving the air navigation field. erefore, this article begins with an overview of the BLUEGNSS project and its role in the H2020 program. Next, the focus shis to the service of GNSS per- formance assessment, provided by the monitoring network developed in the framework of this project. H2020: Driver for European GNSS Applications Development Horizon 2020 is the European Union's program for research and innovation a i med at secu r i ng Eu rope's g loba l competitiveness. e European GNSS Agenc y (GSA) u nder a Delegat ion Agreement with the European Com- mission manages the projects com- ing from the calls for Applications in Satellite Navigation, part of the pro- gram's Space Theme. With a budget of EUR 70 billion (about $79 billion) for the period 2014-2020, the H2020 program provides opportunities for the development of new applications demonstrating a clear advantage of using EGNOS and Galileo in different market segments and having syner- gies with such challenging topics as aviation, transportation, energy, and climate change. The BLUEGNSS aims to promote innovative technologies to maximize the potential of the European GNSS and its adoption by harmonizing the i mplement at ion of PBN approach operat ions a mong t he BLUE-M ED FAB States while using European GNSS infrastructure such as EGNOS and, in the future, Galileo. BLUEGNSS Project Overview The BLUEGNSS consortium, led by ENAV, is composed of the BLUE-MED Functional Airspace Block (FAB) Air Navigation Service Providers (ANSPs), DCAC, HCAA, and MATS, with IDS (Ingegneria Dei Sistemi S.p.A.) as an industrial partner. Launched in January 2016 and com- pleted last June, the primary objec- tive of BLUEGNSS was to harmonize the implementation of PBN approach operations among the BLUE MED FAB States (Greece, Cyprus, Malta, and Italy) by exploiting EGNSS (European GNSS infrastructure such as EGNOS and in future Galileo). In order to reach this objective, the project focused on three main areas: (i) GNSS procedure design and valida- tion, (ii) personnel tra ining, a nd (iii) GNSS service moni- t or i n g . T h e f i r s t t a sk st r ic t ly con- cerns t he ana lysis a nd de velopment of those techniques, standards, and best-practices (including safety assess- ments) that permit implementation and validation of the designed GNSS-based flight procedures. e consequent train- ing activity is conceived to standardize the acquired techniques and train the impacted personnel to efficiently use them, by following appropriate guide- lines and standards of quality. Finally, the third point led to the development of a GNSS monitoring network, which is essential to measure and compare the achieved performance to ICAO SARPs (see Additional Resources). As may be expected, the first two tasks strictly address the air-navigation context and its standards and regula- tions. Conversely, the third mainly focuses on GNSS technical aspects, which sound more interesting for the present publication. us, except for a brief overview on the first two items, the remaining part of this article will illus- trate all aspects and details of the imple- mented GNSS monitoring network. GNSS Procedure Design and Validation According to ICAO Assembly Resolu- tion A37/11, in the framework of the BLUEGNSS project, several GNSS-based RNP approach (APCH) procedures were designed for 11 selected airports (four in Greece, four in Italy, one in Malta, and two in Cyprus) with the objective of improving their accessibility and safety by exploiting the advantages offered by GNSS. The procedure design and valida- tion complied with ICAO guidelines and recommendations, such as Doc. 8168 (PANS-OPS) and Doc. 9906 (Qual- ity Assurance Manual - Vol.5), as per- formed by ENAV, with the exception of Cyprus, which was performed by DCAC with review by ENAV. ANSPs contribut- ed to surveys for obstacle data and safety assessment activities. e flight validation was carried out by the ENAV flight inspection depart- ment using an aircraft (i.e., Piaggio Avanti P-180) properly equipped for RNP APCH procedures including a GNSS data recording console. A picture is shown in Figure 1. e list of all flight validation activi- ties is summarized below. • Ju ly 2 6 , 2 016: Fi rs t t wo GNS S approaches successfully validated over Luqa airport in Malta. • August 30, 2017: GNSS procedures successfully validated over Ioannina and Kos airports in Greece. • October 17, 2017: Last two GNSS procedures successfully validated on essaloniki and Mitilini airports in Greece. • January 4, 2018: ree GNSS proce- dures successfully validated in Italy over the airports of Lamezia, Parma, and Cuneo. For the last remaining one, Bolzano, the most challenging FIGURE 1 Flight inspection aircraft used in BLUEGNSS project

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