Inside GNSS Media & Research

JUL-AUG 2019

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14 Inside GNSS J U L Y / A U G U S T 2 0 1 9 www.insidegnss.com Find out more at GNSS Hotspots online! 1 2 3 4 Image credits 1. Adelie penguin colonies. Photo: Ian Parker on Unsplash. 2. Smart drone delivery mailboxes. Photo: Valqari. 3. WasteShark water drone. Photo: RunMarine. 4. NASA using GPS for Artemis missions. Photo: NASA.gov. Penguin-Spotting Drones Antarctic Peninsula, the northernmost part of the mainland of Antarctica Using imagery from satellites, drones and ground surveys, a team of researchers has discovered about 1.5 million penguins living in the Danger Islands, an archipelago of nine remote islands at the northwestern tip of the Antarctic Peninsula. According to a study last year, the Adélie penguin colonies on the east side of the Antarctic Peninsula are holding strong, after researchers spotted never-before-seen communities thanks to direct ground counts and computer-automated counts of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) imagery. Smart Mailboxes Naperville, Illinois, USA According to Valqari, a Chicago area-based start-up, it has created the only drone delivery solution that has solved the last inch logistic problems with its patented Smart Drone Delivery Mailbox, or RCVR-PAD (Remote Communicating Vault Receiver–Personal Automated Delivery). With utility patents in 13 countries, the company is ahead of major players when it comes to the end process of a drone delivery. The RCVR-PAD is Valqari's patented landing pad featuring communication technology that will allow for an entirely automated drone delivery that will allow drones to land and release packages into the secured and lockable device to help prevent theft or damage to the items delivered. WasteShark Rotterdam, Netherlands Created in 2016 by RanMarine, the water drone WasteShark is being used to collect garbage present at sea. The machine has been in testing for a year, through a partnership with Ecocoast. It is controlled remotely and has the ability to collect waste in the water by the "shark mouth" species in front of you. The Dutch manufacturer claims that it supports up to 159.6 kilograms of waste and has a battery life of up to 16 hours running. It features laser imaging technology to avoid collisions. NASA, GPS and Artemis Washington D.C., USA GPS could be used to pilot in and around lunar orbit during future Artemis missions. A team at NASA is developing a special receiver that would be able to pick up location signals provided by the 24 to 32 operational Global Positioning System satellites. GPS is operated by the U.S. military about 12,550 miles above Earth's surface, and is open to anyone with a GPS receiver. These same GPS signals provide location data used in vehicle navigation systems, interactive maps, and tracking devices of all types, among many other applications. Such a capability could soon also provide navigational solutions to astronauts and ground controllers operating the Orion spacecraft, the Gateway in orbit around the Moon, and lunar surface missions. GNSS Hotspots L aunched on a Long March-3B carrier rocket, China sent a new satellite of the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) into space from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center in Sichuan Province at 2:09 a.m. Tuesday, June 25, according to the Chinese news agency Xinhua. The satellite was sent to the inclined geosynchronous earth orbit and is the 46th satellite of the BDS satellite family and the 21st satellite of the BDS-3 system. e design of the BDS constellation is unique, including medium earth orbit (MEO), geostationary earth orbit (GEO) and inclined geo- synchronous earth orbit (IGEO) satellites. Beijing, China BeiDou Constellation Expands Currently there are 18 MEO BDS-3 satellites, one GEO BDS-3 satellite, and two IGEO BDS-3 satellites sent into space. A er in-orbit tests, the new satellite will work with those BDS satellites already in orbit to improve the coverage and positioning accuracy of the system, Xinhau stated. e new satellite and the carrier rocket were developed by the China Academy of Space Technology and the China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology under the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation.

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