Inside GNSS Media & Research

JUL-AUG 2019

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Page 44 of 67 J U L Y / A U G U S T 2 0 1 9 Inside GNSS 45 ty, privacy, data protection, liability, insurance, security and environmental protection." Accordingly, it is not suffi cient to be aware of the requirements subject to air law and UAS reg- ulations. Both the UAS operator and the individual remote pilot on a case by case basis need to be aware of all legal implications of the operation. With reference to privacy and data protection, the awareness even has to expand to the pur- pose of the operation and the (later) processing of the data as already intended. In principle, establishing the organiza- tional set-up and the adequate procedures and limitations for the type of operation and risk involved is allocated to the UAS operator, whereas the remote pilot is responsible for ensuring compliance when starting a specifi c UAS operation. Operator Ramifi cations If an operator already has a drone, he should look out for the drone's class identifi cation label. e drone classifi cation should be affi xed to the drone itself, recognizable by the picto- grams required under the Annex of the Delegated Regulation (see fi gure page 44) . Such labeling shows that the drone may be used in the "open" category and, depending on the class number, also helps to determine the subcategory it may be operated under. If the drone has no such identification label, possibly because it was acquired before the Regulation was applicable, the UAS operator should be able to determine the class himself by applying the drone's technical specifi cations. At the end, the class identifi cation only serves as an easy reference point for determining the drone-related element of the categoriza- tion. If the drone is operated beyond the limitations applicable to the specifi ed class, these should have to take precedence for determining the category of operations. Following classifi cation, the characteristics of the intend- ed operation have to be determined. ese will further help to identify the categorization and subcategory applicable. Depending on the outcome, the competency requirements of the remote pilot can be defi ned. Operation of class C0 unmanned aircra in subcategory A1 merely requires famil- iarization with the user's manual of the UAS. Any other opera- tion of UAS and classes require the remote pilot to pass online examinations whose complexity increases with number of the subcategory. For the "specifi c" category, the authority deter- mines the remote pilot's competency requirements. As with the lack of standard scenarios, the pilot require- ments for the "specifi c" category are yet unknown. For sub- category A1 of the Annex of the Implementing Regulation, there are 40 multiple choice questions on the subjects rel- evant to operations. For subcategory A2 and A3, the remote pilot also has to hold a certifi cate of remote pilot competency issued by the competent authority or by an entity recognized by the competent authority of the member state of registra- tion of the UAS operator. is requires answering additional multiple-choice questions, self-practical training and abil- ity to fulfi l certain in-fl ight requirements. Especially the +1-703-256-8900 • 800-628-0885 +1-703-256-8900 • 800-628-0885 VN-100 IMU/AHRS Magnetic heading; pitch and roll VN-200 GPS/INS GPS-aided position, velocity and attitude VN-300 Dual GNSS/INS GNSS-based heading Embedded navigation solutions optimized for SWaP-C constraints Contact us for help with your integration needs. NavtechGPS has what you need … MEMS-Based, Industrial Grade INS VectorNav Industrial Series GPS/INS Courses in New Orleans! 557: Inertial Systems, Kalman Filtering, and GPS/INS Integration. Instructors: Dr. Alan Pue and Mr. Michael Vaujin. Immerse yourself in the fundamentals and practical implementations that fuse GPS receiver measurements with strapdown inertial navigation. (Five days, December 9–13) Contact Carolyn McDonald at 346: GPS/GNSS Operations for Engineers and Technical Professionals. Instructor: Dr. Chris Hegarty. For those needing a well-coordinated, intensive introduction to GNSS concepts, design and operation to enhance skills; and for those wanting a greater understanding of colleagues' work to become a more productive member of the team. (Four days, December 9–12) December 9–13

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